MOZ - UNICEF - Mozambique WASH for Children in Zambézia Province Water supply, sanitation and hygiene in rural communities and schools 2014-2017

Recipient Mozambique
Sector - DAC Basic drinking water supply and basic sanitation - 14030
Approach Bi-lateral
Type of Aid Basket funds/pooled funding - B04

About the project

Project Number MOZ14030-1401
Partners UNICEF in Mozambique - Government of Mozambique
Thereof Implementing Agent UNICEF in Mozambique through the Government of Mozambique
Project Title: MOZ - UNICEF - Mozambique WASH for Children in Zambézia Province Water supply, sanitation and hygiene in rural communities and schools 2014-2017
Short Description:

Improved WASH services reach children and contribute to better health, education and economic well-being in rural communities and schools in Zambézia Province

Long Description

WASH programme results for Zambézia (2014-2017)

UNICEF's support in Zambézia will contribute to national efforts to meet sector coverage targets, the MDGs and Sustainable Development Goal targets, as well as to the development of PRONASAR by providing opportunities to pilot and demonstrate approaches and innovations which can be replicated by other programmes and in all provinces. By doing so, the investments made under this programme will leverage additional results and contribute to greater impact. 


Improved WASH services reach children and contribute to better health, education and economic well-being in rural communities and schools in Zambézia Province. 


  1. Strengthened provincial and local capacity for planning, management and monitoring of rural WASH services.
  2. Increased use of improved household and school sanitation and safe water supplies, and improved hygiene practices in five rural districts in Zambézia. 
Outputs and activities

1. Sector partners have strengthened WASH capacities in planning, procurement, information management, and emergency preparedness and response.

  • Development and implementation of provincial and district sanitation plans to gain political commitment, guide scaling up and maximize use of local resources.
  • Recruitment and training of district and provincial staff in procurement, contract management, supervision, quality assurance and rural water supply concepts. 
  • Training district and provincial staff and NGOs on community education and participation (PEC Zonal), participatory approaches, total sanitation, water point mapping and database management, sustainability, water quality improvement.
  • Provincial ODF evaluation and certification exercises, and annual Sustainability Checks.
  • Technical assistance for institutional strengthening.
  • Operationalization of national database on water and sanitation facilities (SINAS), including school WASH data.
  • Knowledge management and advocacy for informing national policy dialogue.
  • Sanitation marketing (training of artisans on production and marketing of sanitation products such as latrine slabs) for increased access to and use of sanitation facilities.
  • Training and planning for emergency WASH Cluster member organisations.

2. Achievement of ODF status in 450 communities (300,000 new users of improved sanitation facilities and improved hygiene practices).

  • Training for community health workers (APEs), activists, teachers and NGO staff in community mobilization and hygiene promotion for construction of family latrines.
  • Implementing PEC Zonal to ensure the sustainability of sanitation facilities.
  • Creating demand for total sanitation (SANTOLIC) through behaviour change communication (sanitation campaigns, formative research, mass media, household visits).

3. New, protected rural water supplies for 48,000 people are operational and communities have capacity to sustain them.

  • Construction of 160 new water points serving a total of 48,000 users in rural communities.
  • Training of community water management committees and maintenance groups.
  • Establishment of supply chain of spare parts and training of local artisans for production of sanitation products.
  • Water quality improvement through strengthening water quality surveillance and implementation of water safety planning approach.

4. Child-friendly WASH facilities are constructed and hygiene is promoted in 40 primary schools benefiting 14,000 students.

  • Construction of sanitation and hygiene facilities in 40 schools.
  • Construction of new water points in 40 schools.
  • Teacher refresher training for hygiene curriculum in schools.
  • Implementation of school-led total sanitation (SLTS) in 250 schools.
  • Design and promotion of low-cost school sanitation solutions.

Programming convergence

Recognizing the importance of WASH to the achievement of goals in other sectors, UNICEF will support provincial and district officials to engage more effectively with key sectors to create strategic partnerships for the improved health of Mozambican children and their families.

Key sectors include that will be supported include:

  • Nutrition. This programme will contribute to the Multisectorial Action Plan for the Reduction of Chronic Undernutrition in Mozambique 2011-2015 (PAMRDC) in Zambézia.  The Plan calls for improved sanitation in all districts and new water points in 5 districts.      
  • Education. This programme will contribute to improvements in access and net enrolment; it will enhance the overall quality of education in 40 schools, demonstrating the benefits of school WASH standards and expanding a provincial database of WASH in schools.
  • Health. This programme will contribute to reductions in morbidity and mortality related to diarrhoeal disease, ARI and other contagious and parasitic diseases related to poor sanitation and hygiene.  Sanitation and hygiene promotion will be coordinated with provincial and district health services, and will take advantage of the extensive network of community health workers.
  • Communication for Development.The programme will deliver a research agenda to better understand relevant social norms.  On the basis of this research, provincial sanitation and hygiene promotion activities will be carried out, e.g. mobilizing partners and communities to deliver sanitation campaigns.  This will be complemented by documenting programme impact and lessons learned. 


Commitment Year 2014
Final Year 2017

Cross-cutting issues

Gender Despite many international agreements affirming women’s rights, women in Mozambique are still more likely than men to be poor, illiterate and excluded from decision making processes. In the context of WASH, women often assume a heavier burden of the work required to provide water and sanitation at the household level. Studies show that the vast majority of water-fetching activities are performed by girls and women. Yet they participate less in community decision making about improving water and sanitation services.
Poor sanitation negatively affects health, as well as dignity. Women and girls, often already marginalized, are further disempowered and even put at risk because of a lack of sanitation facilities. Inadequate or lack of WASH services lead many Mozambican girls to miss school or drop out. Girls are vulnerable to rape or other violence when taking care of personal hygiene in insecure areas, especially in humanitarian crisis settings. UNICEF aims to promote the equal rights of women and girls and to support their participation in schools and in the development of their communities by:
• Promoting women members of institutions responsible for planning and overseeing operations and management of water supply systems.
• Installing separate, gender-specific toilets for girls and boys in schools.
• Exploring integration of menstrual hygiene management in schools to support girls’ enrolment and retention in school.
• Encouraging and documenting inclusive WASH approaches for dissemination of good practice at national, provincial and local level. Identify opportunities to incorporate these issues into advocacy activities in other WASH programmes in the country.
• Supporting implementation partners to report gender-disaggregated data.
Environment The programme uses the Checklist for the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) throughout the programme period.


PD External Evaluations Other Internal Documents


ICEIDA Amount USD 3.5 million
Cofinancer Amount USD 4.6 million
Total Project Cost USD 8.1 million
Cofinancer UNICEF, SIDA, DIFID and Government of Mozambique

Aid Effectiveness

Is this contribution aid to the government sector? Yes

Use of partner country public financial management systems
Are Partner Country budget systems used? Yes
Are partner country financial reporting systems used? Yes
Are partner country audit systems used? Yes
Are partner country procurement systems used? Yes

Use of programme based approaches
Does the contribution fit within a single programme/budget framework? Yes
Is the contribution led by the host country/organisation? Yes
Is there a process for co-ordinating donors? Yes
Are at least 2 partner country systems being used? Yes
Is this a programme based approach? Yes
Which MDG (MDG´s) is being targeted? Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education; Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women; Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality; Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases; Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability